HIS 2307 Course Schedule

Date Title/Description Materials
Sept. 6 Introduction
Our first class includes a course orientation, a sample workshop where students discuss a particular Native writer's take on European contact, and the first formal lecture. The lecture profiles major linguistic, political and cultural differences among the Native groups living from the Atlantic coast to the Great Lakes at the time of contact.
Slides
Sept. 13 Meeting European Newcomers
Last day's class explored the diversity of Native people living in eastern Canada at contact.  Today, we look at some of their common experiences in meeting European newcomers.  Nine issues of contact experiences are considered: diplomacy; sovereignty; land and resources; disease; European need for indigenous knowledge; trade; religion; marriage; and warfare. 
Slides
Sept. 20 The Hurons and Five Nations, 1600-1700
We examine the tumultuous history of southern Ontario during the seventeenth century: the relationships among Great Lakes area nations at contact; the escalation of conflict into the Iroquois Wars; and the aftermath of the warfare.  The historiography of the Iroquois Wars is also discussed.  Focus is on the Hurons and Five Nations, especially during the first half of the century.  Our workshop looks more closely at the movement of the Mississauga into southern Ontario towards the end of the 1600s.
Slides
Sept. 27 Living with the French Regime, 1609-1763
Focus today is on the experience of Native people living at or near French towns and trade posts, specifically the Seven Nations of Canada and the Native community at the trade post of Fort Pontchartrain (Detroit).  To give some individual names and personalities to the lecture material, the workshop examines two particular individuals: Suzanne Gouentagrandi, a Christian Oneida woman, and Le Pesant, a leading chief among the Ottawa.  Unlike previous classes, today's workshop material is examinable; the individuals' biographies from the Dictionary of Canada Biography are found by following the links.
Slides
Oct. 4 Facing War and Making Peace, 1701-1783
For this topic, we will look at two war and peace experiences: the Mi'kmaq Wars and Articles of Peace and Friendship with the British (1713-1761); and Pontiac's Rebellion and the Proclamation of 1763.  The latter example will likely be moved into next week's class because we are going to stop to examine the legacy of British-Mi'kmaq relations as played out in the conflict at Burnt Church in the summer of 2000, as portrayed by filmmaker Alanis Obomsawin's "Is the Crown at War with Us?"
Slides
Oct. 11 Eighteenth Century Treaties
Finishing the material from last week will lead us into a discussion and examination of the Proclamation of 1763. From there, we will study some of the earliest land surrender treaties including consideration of the understanding and objectives of the Native signatories.
Slides
Oct. 18 Midterm Exam

Oct. 25 Lyle Dick, "The Seven Oaks Incident and the Construction of a Historical Tradition, 1816-1970" 

Trading with the HBC, 1670-1870
We begin by examining the above article, which is also required for the workshop.  The article brings us to a broader discussion of the format of an historiographical analysis, and the requirements of the term paper. The lecture then examines relationships of Native women with HBC fur traders; the development of a distinct Metis population and culture; competition and conflict in the western fur trade; and ultimately the event of the Red River Rebellion.
Slides
Nov. 1 British Columbia
Today's class focuses on Native people in British Columbia. We look at the chronology in broad overview: Native nations on the Pacific Coast before contact; trade with non-Native people; the gold rush and resulting changes to Native life; and Confederation.
Slides
Nov. 8 The New West, 1869-1885
The discussion has three major centrepoints: Treaty 6 (1876), the Indian Act (1876), and the Northwest Rebellion (1885). Overarching is a broad consideration of the major changes being experienced by Metis and First Nations people in the West.  We also examine the controversial writing of the historical plaque at Cutknife Hill.
Slides
Nov. 15 The Twentieth Century, c. 1885-1960
The lecture covers the time from the Northwest Rebellion to 1960, a period during which the Indian Act, Department of Indian Affairs and Iocal Indian Agents were a major factor in day-to-day life in First Nations communities.  The workshop analyses the poetry of the DIA's head bureaucrat (1913-1932), Duncan Campbell Scott.  The second half of the lecture devotes detailed attention to the experience of students who attended residential schools during this period.
Slides
Nov. 22 The 1960s, 1970s and 1980s
Today we open with a guest lecture from Teaching Assistant Omeasoo Butt profiling Native political leaders of the first half of the twentieth century.  This is examinable, core lecture material.  The second half of the lecture focuses on political developments from 1960 to 1982, including the rights revolution of the '60s, the White Paper, Native reaction to the White Paper, and the many developments of the 1970s and up to the new Constitution.
Slides
Nov. 29 The Last Twenty Years
The last class includes a review of the course material to date and some of its overarching trends.  In examining the developments of the last twenty years, we will look at two communities in particular: Kanesatake and Nisga'a.

Thank you for a good term, and best of luck with the final exam!
Slides

Welcome to HIS 2307A!

This site is to support you in: "History of Native Peoples in Canada," University of Ottawa, Fall 2007.

Please let me know other suggested tools or information for the site. I will not post my lecture notes, however, since the site is intended as a support rather than a substitute for missed classes. Attending the lectures is mandatory.

I will try to post the overhead slides in advance each week. You may find that bringing the printed slides helps you to follow along and take notes in class.

See you Thursday!

Links

CBC stories discussed the first day of class (1 2 3 4 5)
"Defining Primary and Secondary Sources" (LAC)
Dictionary of Canadian Biography (LAC)
Treaty Bibliography (INAC)
INAC Library

University of Ottawa
Department of History
uOttawa Library
Public History
Library and Archives Canada
Early Canadiana Online
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